Nearly two years ago, Bolivia and its president Evo Morales, made international headlines by passing a Mother Earth Law
; yesterday, the legal framework to defend Mother Earth in Bolivia was created.
The oficial name of the law is “Ley Marco de la Madre Tierra y Desarrollo Integral para Vivir Bien” (Framework Law of Mother Earth and Integral Development for a Better Life), and it creates the “Defensoria de la Madre Tierra”, a counterpart to the human rights ombudsman office.
The law considers Mother Earth as sacred and as a “dynamic living system formed by the indivisible community of all life systems and living beings whom are interrelated, interdependent, and complementary, which share a common destiny”.
The new law also created a Multinational Fund for Mother Earth and another one for Climate Justice. Since Evo came to power, Bolivia is considered a multinational state, as it is formed by a diversity of indigenous nations, that’s why the new Funds are “Multinational”.
The new Mother Earth law contemplates the re-distribution of land, the regulation of natural resources in foreign hands, and it specifies that crimes against Mother Earth will not prescribe.
Bolivia has been for a long time an international leader on green causes, at least since Evo Morales, its first-ever indigenous president came to power in 2006. In 2010 in the Climate Summitt celebrated at Cancun, Mexico, Bolivia opposed the final declaration of the summit, being one of the few countries that decided not to sign it.